explain sentence and its types


A sentence typically contains a subject (what the sentence is about) and a predicate (something about the subject). And don’t be afraid of their fancy names; their meanings are simple and easy to understand. An independent clause is a phrase that would make sense if it were a sentence on its own, whereas a dependent clause will not form a sentence on its own. When these two types of clauses appear in a sentence, we create a complex sentence. We use them to share facts and ideas, in other words, to declare, state, assert, or claim something. defined as a word or phrase that is used as a substitution for a noun or noun phrase Simple sentence – one action. We use an imperative sentence to make a request or to give a command. If you write “I LOVE popcorn!” it not only informs us that you love popcorn, but the exclamation point also gives it emotional intensity, regardless of what it says. These are probably the most common kind of sentence in writing, speeches, and lectures; they are the meat-and-potatoes of giving information. 3 of 6 What Are the Functional Purposes of each Type of Sentence? Types of sentences . So we have structural and functional classifications. 1. A subordinate clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought. Sentences come in a variety of shapes and lengths. You can also express an opinion using them. When are you going to submit your assignment. The earth goes round the sun. It is also worth noting that we have many ways to make imperatives seem less rude in English; compare: Notice that the last sentence isn’t even an imperative, grammatically; it’s a question. (One clause – one verb). Types of Sentences Types of Sentences:. Examples of this sentence type: “When are you going to turn in your writing assignment?” lt contains a subject and a predicate and is able to stand on its own. Another classification has to do with the functions English sentences perform. Types of Sentences (on the basis of function) A combination of words which gives a complete meaning is called a sentence. thanks, this was very helpful for me in helping my grandson with homework, Nishant Singh Chauhan May 5, 2019, 4:49 am, Wow it’s amazing tq so much for dis useful one…. Sony produces cameras too. The sentence is generally defined as a word or a group of words that expresses a thorough idea by giving a statement/order, or asking a question, or exclaiming. Don’t overuse exclamation points. A declarative sentence is the most basic type of sentence. Types of Sentences Simple sentence. What kind of information we are asking for can be indicated by who, what, where, when, why, how, and compounds built from those words, such as how1 much, or in what way. As the name suggests, a declarative sentence simply declares a statement or an opinion. They want information, and they always end with a question mark. Sentence types in English include declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory, simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences. IT IS VERY USEFUL!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! (2) Put that word at the beginning of the sentence, and (3) if the verb is “to be,” or if there is a helping verb, put that before the subject of the sentence; otherwise, put the verb “do” before the subject. 2. Declarative statements can express feelings, but declarations do not have any particular feeling otherwise. Please let me say “Thank you for your contribution for the needy people like who wish to learn English. There are also some particular connectors for the clauses of a complex sentence to be connected. Verb Phrase. (a statement). And don’t be afraid of their fancy names; their meanings are simple and easy to understand. A noun phrase is any noun or pronoun along with its modifiers: The school children Yesterday’s newspaper An old and rusted slinky. Declarative Sentences a. They are easy to recognize because they always end with question marks (?). Teachers teach in school. Look at these two sentences: Don’t feed the dog. 16-18) were given in the text in order to explain its publication so long after the date of its professed period. Questions are really requests or commands for people to give us information, but they are more polite than commands. Compound sentence. Subject: The subject is the word or group of words that tell as to what or whom we are talking about. Because of this, one can end with either a period or an exclamation mark (!). Its purpose is to relay information, and it is punctuated with a period. (An independent clause contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.) A sentence is the largest unit of any language. In other words, a complete English sentence must have three characteristics: Structurally, sentences are of four types: A simple sentence must have a single clause (a single verb) which is independent, and it cannot take another clause. An interrogative sentence is a question. (question), What a nice weather! So, it must contain at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. By the way, there … Note that although both imperative and exclamatory sentences can end in exclamation marks, they have different grammatical forms and serve different purposes. Mary likes tea. Conditional sentences are one of the trickier parts of English grammar: there are 5 types of conditional sentences, and you need to be able to use and identify all of them.As a rule, conditional sentences in English consist of two parts – the main part and the if part (or the conditional part). A compound sentence must have more than one independent clause with no dependent clauses. The other way around is also possible.). If you have any questions please ask in the comments.Please like subscribe and share your comments with us! A declarative sentence is a statement, such as, “A is B” or “A does B.”  It ends with a period. Some students (subject) like (verb) to study in the mornings. Declarative sentences give information. And people often do that in an attempt to make their words more exciting, “loud,” or full of emotion. This type of structure helps in making statements and stating basic information. (Here, a dependent clause is followed by a connector and an independent clause. For example “I like popcorn,” is a simple sentence informing us that you like popcorn, but the sentence itself is pretty unemotional. In English, we have four main sentence structures: the simple sentence, the compound sentence, the complex sentence, and the compound-complex sentence. An exclamatory sentence expresses overflow of emotions. It contains a subject (the person or thing doing the action) and a verb (a doing word). Interrogative sentences must end with a note of interrogation (i.e., question mark). (An independent clause contains an independent subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. Some... Complex sentence. Because each type of sentence can serve various functions, the writer should use the type of sentence that best communicates the purpose of his or her idea. On the basis of its function, a sentence has the following four kinds. A complex sentence contains a subordinate clause and an independent clause. Simple: A sentence with only one independent clause. A verb phrase is any number of verbs working together: Had been sleeping Will contact May have written. The sentence contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. A complex sentence also has more than one clause but of one them must be an independent clause and the other/others must be (a) dependent clause(es). (Here, one dependent clause is followed by a complex connector and two independent clauses with a compound conjunction between them.). Writing an interrogative sentence is simple and easy. Remember—it’s just a question! SENTENCE TYPE AND PURPOSE. They are better reserved to show how someone speaks, in a story, rather than to convey the strength of your own feelings. Birds live on trees. To review, here’s a chart to help you remember the four types of sentences. (exclaiming). Declarative sentences give The subject of a clause can be mentioned or hidden, but the verb must be apparent and distinguishable. The classification of the English sentences is in two forms. But one can also make exclamatory questions, or exclamations that are not full sentences; here are a few: You can turn any declaration into an exclamatory sentence by adding an exclamation point. Put a period when ending this type of the sentence. A … A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. Declarative/Statement Sentences. But, really it is better writing to use stronger words rather than exclamation points and words like “very” or “so.” For example, instead of saying, “That movie was so bad!” you might say “That movie was a piece of irredeemable trash.” The second way is more effective than the exclamation point. In other words, it declares something. Do it. Sometimes the subject of a sentence can be hidden, but the verb must be visible and present in the sentence. Consider this example: I like to eat the candy before I … With an exclamation point, it becomes exclamatory (see below) and more emotional. In other words, with a period it is declarative and relatively unemotional. (In this sentence, a subject ‘you’ is hidden but verb ‘do’ is visible), “[A sentence is] a group of words, usually containing a verb, that expresses a thought in the form of a statement, question, instruction, or exclamation and starts with a capital letter when written.” - (Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary & Thesaurus © Cambridge University Press.). What is a Declarative sentence? Sentence types can also be combined. Interrogative Sentence (question) Interrogative sentences ask a question. Identify and learn about proper nouns and common nouns in the list of sentences below. A sentence is a group of words that is complete in meaning. There are various types of sentence depending upon its structure and function. or come to my party! Deferred Sentence: This is a type of sentence wherein its execution is postponed until a later specified time. Sentence Type Sentence variety is not about mere novelty; it is about meaning. ), I want to be a good cricketer. An interrogative sentence asks a question. These chocolates and cakes are so delicious. They ask us something. is very interesting i think this help me more then i learned, It was very useful to me thanx a lot ..it was very interesting. An interrogative sentence ends with a/an ___________. This type of sentence ends with a period (i.e., a full-stop). Compound: Two (or more) simple... Functional Types of Sentences. Each uses a specific combination of independent and dependent clauses to help make sure that our sentences are strong, informational, and most importantly, that they make sense! Sentence Exercise & Practice with Explanation, Exercise on Sentence (Basic) with Explanation, Linking Verbs: Definition, Examples and Lists, Parallel Structure: Definition & Examples, Subjunctive: Structures, Usage & Examples, Embedded Questions: Definition & Examples, Correct Use of "Sequence of Tense" in Writing, Dangling Modifiers: Definition & Examples, First, in written form, a sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period (i.e., a full stop) [. It is interesting that I can try this 4 types of sentences. A clause is comprised of a group of words which includes a subject and a finite verb. A sentence’s “structure” is the way its words are arranged. I always wanted to become a writer. is naturally understood as a well-wishing or invitation. Imperative verb “don’t” giving a command, He didn’t feed the dog. A compound sentence has two independent clauses joined by a linking word (and, but, or, so, yet, however). However, if you are a native speaker of standard English you probably don’t have to think about these things to get them right. Depending on its type, a sentence consists of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses. Ideally, a sentence requires at least one subject and one verb. Functionally, sentences are of mainly four types: An assertive sentence (declarative sentence) simply expresses an opinion/feeling, or makes a statement, or describes things. I know that you always wanted to be a writer. I like coffee. Naked people have little or no influence on society. In English, it begins with a capital letter and ends with a full-stop, or a question mark, or an exclamation mark. Indicative verb “didn’t,” just stating a fact. Tell your students that they will be learning about the four different types of sentences today. In order to make a yes/no-question, you simply follow rule (3) putting either a form of “be,” a helping verb, or “do” before the subject: An imperative is a verb expressing a command, thus, an imperative sentence basically gives instructions, requests, or demands, although they can also be used to share wishes and make invitations. Compound sentence – usually more than one action going on. Imperative sentences usually end with a period (i.e., a full stop), but under certain circumstances, it can end with a note of exclamation (i.e., exclamation mark). Types of Sentences According to Function with Examples. Verb is called the heart of a sentence. Exclamatory sentences are ways to share strong feelings such as excitement. A compound-complex sentence (or complex–compound sentence) is a mixture of the features of compound and complex sentences in one sentence. Alicia and Cathy were playing with a doll. True or False: The purpose of a declarative sentence is to give demands, True or False: An exclamatory sentence is very expressive and emotional. Finally, the order of the verb and subject are reversed from what they would be in a declarative sentence – the verb goes before the subject – and this is true also for yes/no questions also, which have no wh-word. We use different types of sentences for different purposes, and when we categorize sentences based on their purpose, we get four types of sentences: statements, questions, exclamations, and commands. Two simple sentences, But commanding someone to do something like have fun! 1. Benedict wesseh October 30, 2018, 4:35 pm, jemal urgessa November 20, 2018, 7:56 am, it is very goog question continous just like this. Basically, they tell someone what to do. 3. We classify sentences based on their syntactic classes or their structural appearance. Here, we will discuss four main types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory; each has its own functions and patterns. I always wanted to become a writer, and she wanted to become a doctor. Declarative sentences are the most common type of sentence. The usual word order for the interrogative sentence is: … It expresses a complete thought or idea.2. (Two independent clauses – two verbs). What is a Sentence?Sentence is a group of words and it is having three important characteristics.1. It is the most common type among 4 types of sentences and is prevalent in most academic writings and verbal speech. Here, we will discuss four main types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory; each has its own functions and patterns. Very useful to understand the difference. I love to read storybooks. This type of sentence often begins with who, what, where, when, why, how, or do, and it ends with a question mark. The cat pounced. 2. Could I possibly trouble you to get me a cup of coffee. 1 Other authorities explain the formation of the tendril and its anomalous position opposite to a leaf by supposing that the end of the stem bifurcates during growth, one division forming the shoot, the other the tendril or inflorescence. For instance, a forceful command should end with an exclamation mark, but a more neutral request needs only a period. Sprb.. i got 4 /4, habila wughyime kopsherrah July 3, 2019, 1:48 pm. Imperative sentences:. Example Sentences of Common Noun. Writing an imperative sentence is easy, but it’s important to remember its role. Here are some examples: The verbs in imperative sentences are in a certain form called the “imperative mood,” that looks different than the declarative, or indicative, form. Second, it must express a complete thought, not fragmented. Sally's mother is a doctor. Examples: The tone of an imperative sentence can be fairly neutral or it can express strong emotions. 4. I know that you always wanted to become a writer, but I always wanted to become a doctor. I live... Exclamatory sentences:. An imperative sentence ends with a/an _________. A compound-complex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause. Types of sentences . We call that an indirect command and it’s much more polite than an imperative! Each independent clause could be a sentence by itself, but we connect them with a linking word: I‘m happy, but my kids are always complaining. A simple sentenceconsists of one independent clause. In this type of sentence, there is only one independent clause and no dependent clause. A compound sentence must have more than one independent clause with no dependent clauses. 2. There are two kinds of questions in English, wh-word questions and yes/no questions. An interrogative sentence asks a question. A clause contains only one subject and one verb. They can make you sound like an air-head. Ask the class for volunteers to list the different types of sentences. THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Sentence Types and Functions, Spring 2014. He is a good boy (statement), Is he a good boy? Answer:Sentence means a group of words which together make any meaning.Explanation:there are,exclamatory sentenceinterrogative sentencedeclarative sentenceimper… When we write or speak, we can use many different types of sentences to express what we want to say. Ayuk emmanuel October 26, 2018, 11:11 am. Yet whatever their shapes and lengths (or types), all sentences serve one of only a few very basic purposes. These emotions can be of happiness, wonder, sorrow, anger, etc. Third, it must contain at least one subject (hidden/visible) and one verb comprising an independent clause. The mouse ran away. Note that there are still two horizontal lines, but one of them is below the other and moved to the right. Let's learn more about each of them, shall we? Here's a sentence diagram of a complex sentence. Other kinds of sentence may be more common in conversation with your friends. Robert doesn’t eat meat, so Barbara made a special vegetarian dish for him. We hope you enjoyed this video! Sentence Definition and Examples in English Grammar Types of Sentence Structures. Types of Phrases Noun Phrase. Explain to your students that the meaning of a sentence is determined by the type of sentence format used to write it. Some specific conjunctions, punctuation, or both are used to join together these clauses. Wh-questions are formed in three steps (that you probably don’t have to think about): (1) replace the missing piece of information with the appropriate wh-word. They are usually just like declarative sentences in form and function, just with more emotion. Declarative: "Clothes make the man. Simple sentences can also contain compound subjects and/or verbs but it doesn't contain any conjunction. 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